Scar revision surgery using advanced techniques in wound closure will attempt to minimize a scar so that it is less conspicuous and blends in with the surrounding skin tone and texture. Scars are visible signs that remain after a wound has healed. They are the unavoidable results of injury or surgery, and their development can be unpredictable. Although scar revision can provide a more pleasing cosmetic result or improve a scar that has healed poorly, a scar cannot be completely erased. Other techniques that can be used include topical treatments with gels, steroid injections and laser treatments all which require multiple treatments.
Skin pigmentation is caused by abnormal production and deposition of melanin (pigment) by melanocytes. Common causes of pigmentation include excessive UV or sun exposure, hormonal changes (melasma), trauma (burns, cuts, aggressive facial treatments etc.), birthmarks, medical conditions and drugs. Pigmentation can be treated by lightening creams or lasers or a combination of both with lasers generally having a faster and more effective result but with a recovery period.
Moles (naevi) may be present at birth or acquired from sun exposure. They can be removed by laser or excision (cutting). When removed by laser, multiple sessions may be required 4-6 weeks apart with the formation of scab that normally drops off after 5-10 days after each session. Excision by cutting may or may not require stitching with removal of stitches after 5-10 days depending on the location. Faint scars may form which gradually lighten over time.